Race Types: Different Modes for Each Profile

The human body was made to move, this is fact. And one of the sports most simple of the world is the race, for just a shoes in the foot, and the force of will to practice. However, like many other sports, the race is also divided into some types, race types, so to speak, as the Track Racing, Street Racing, Cross Country Race, the Mountain Race and the Trail Race.

Race Types Different Modes for Each Profile

To learn more about the race types, and care required to practice it comfortable and safe, we talked with the director of the Naventura Outdoor Experiences, Kleber Ricardo Pacheco.

What are the types of race

Race Track

The competition of athletics more traditional there is the race track. This modality involves several tests, as the races of the track oval, the races of middle distance, the racing fund and the racing with obstacles.

  • Race track Oval – The athlete runs on a track which can be 100, 200 or 400 metres.
  • Racing Through Background – With distances of 800 and 1,500 metres, where the athletes do not need to stay in their respective lane.
  • Racing Fund – Are carried out inside of the track, with distances of 5 and 10 thousand metres.
  • Racing with Obstacles/Barriers – proofs take place inside stadiums, with barriers, which the athlete must jump. It is divided into four modes: 100 metres for women, 110 meters men 400 meters, male and female, and 3 thousand metres for women and men.

Street racing

This type of race is conducted on urban roads paved and flat. It is the modality most popular in Brazil, and one of the types of racing the most practiced in the world, according to Kleber. The most common distances are 5km, 10km, 21 km and 42km. The 42km, distance classic the athletics, they are called marathons.

“The street races can be attended by all audiences, from beginners to professional athletes. For anyone who is starting in this practice, the races of 5km are the most suitable,” he says.

Cross Country Race

The routes are made in lawns, and may or may not have natural obstacles. In official competitions, the distances of 12 km in the category male adult, about 8km in the categories of adult female and juvenile male, 6km in the category juvenile female, and 4 km in the categories of adult male and female short race. The races cross country usually are little practiced by the public, but are very suitable for the practice of empowerment.

Race in Mountain

What characterizes the mountain race is the route, full of steep climbs and descents, with or without natural obstacles. To be considered a mountain race, the course must have a minimum of elevation and accumulated, which is the sum of ascents and descents, taking as a base the sea level, varying according to the distance.

According to Kleber, in Brazil, the distances officers are 12km in the category male adult, about 8km in the adult category in female and male juvenile and 4km in the category juvenile female. Due to the degree of difficulty of this type of race, it is more suitable for experienced athletes with good physical fitness.

Trail Race

It is characterized by the intense contact with nature, since it happens in the trails, woods, forests, and beaches, with natural obstacles, such as river crossings. The distances vary between 5km and 100km and can be practiced by all audiences.

“The tip for those who want to do a test trail is to carry out some specific trainings to develop proprioception, which is the ability to recognize the spatial location of the body allowing mainly the postural balance,” advises the director of the Naventura.

8 benefits of the different race types

  1. Speeds up metabolism:production and secretion of thyroid hormones (T3 and T4), which control energy metabolism.
  2. Reduces body fat:consume the fat as energy source.
  3. Improves sleep quality:being recognized by the American Sleep Disorders Association as an intervention non-pharmacological.
  4. Strengthens bones and muscles:thanks to the impact and movement of the body on the ground.
  5. Decreases stress and anxietyby releasing endorphins, a hormone that promotes a feeling of well-being.
  6. Reduces the risk of mortality:according to the survey Leisure-Time Running Reduces All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality Risk, is carried out by the University of the State of Iowa (USA).
  7. Protects against heart disease:increasing the size of the heart, arteries, and red blood cells.
  8. Frightens off the bad mood:by increasing the levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that provides pleasurable sensation.

Care with the types of race

For those who want to start running, Kleber reinforces that the first step is to search for a doctor to perform an evaluation and some specific examinations before you start. “The follow-up of a technical race is indicated, and, for those who are overweight, we recommend the guidance of a professional nutrition,” he explains.

In addition, some of the care before, during and after the race are also essential to avoid injury and dehydration. The director of the Naventura alert for the need of warm-up, cool-down, stretching and also about the importance of good hydration. The latter, including, he advises to begin days before the race.

“Hydration is very important before, during, and after the races. Unlike what most runners think, the hydration should start days before the races, mainly on the evidence long and at high temperatures, where if you lose too many minerals through sweating,” she adds.

Before the Race
Before you start any physical activity, it is important to warm the body in order to avoid injury. “Warming up before the race is important to oxygenate the muscles through increased blood volume and the irrigation liquid sinusial in the joints” says Kleber.

After the Race
After the end of a race, the ideal is to slow down and stretch the muscles to avoid injury. “The cool-down is important to lower the body temperature, to re-establish the heart rate and blood pressure, thus aiding the process of recovery and decreasing muscle soreness,” he says.

“Already in the stretching, the intention is to return the muscles to your normal size, in addition to improving posture, the local blood circulation and prevent injuries,” he points out.

Clothing and accessories for any types of racing

For the practice of the race is comfortable, the clothes, the shoes and the accessories must be given to the practice, allowing achievement of the required movements safely. Light clothes and comfortable-shorts, shorts and t-shirts are indispensable. In addition, it does not give to forget the sunscreen, hat or visor, and sunglasses for the sunny days. Already in the cooler seasons, it is ideal to prefer pants race, long-sleeve shirts, hats and gloves.

“Evidence for long it is important to use gel antiatrito in certain regions of the body, avoiding injuries due to the friction constant of the clothes and shoes”, alert.

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